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聂军胜

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姓 名

聂军胜

性 别

学 位

哲学博士

职 称

教授

研究方向

古气候,年代学,物源分析,岩石磁学

所在部门

地貌与第四纪地质研究所

办公电话

18794804964

电子信箱

jnie@lzu.edu.cnniejunsheng@gmail.com

通讯地址

甘肃省兰州市天水南路222号兰州大学西部环境与气候变化研究院

邮政编码

730000

v个人简历

197811月出生于河南。兰州大学特聘教授,自然地理学和第四纪地质学博士生导师。2009年获教育部海外“新世纪人才”资助,2013年获中国地球物理学会傅承义青年科技奖。2013年起任中国第四纪研究会干旱区环境专业委员会副主任,Dataset Papers in Geosciences杂志编委。近五年在Earth Science Reviews等国际主流地学SCI刊物发表第一作者论文15篇。召集AGU年会的分会2次、国际地磁和高层大气物理协会(IAGA)年会分会1次和GSA年会分会1次并受邀将GSA会议论文编辑成书。先后在EGU年会分会和AGU主办会议分会上做特邀报告,受邀为Nature, Nature Geoscience, EPSL, GCA等二十多家SCI杂志审稿和为NSFC和罗马尼亚NSF评审基金。

v研究成果

较系统的研究了黄土高原红粘土的磁学性质,为利用磁学手段对红粘土进行进一步古气候研究提供了新思路和新手段。发现成壤过程中生成的小于100nm的磁赤铁矿颗粒具有类似的粒径分布,其浓度的增加是造成红粘土磁化率增高的直接原因;比较了红粘土中具有稳定剩磁的弱磁性赤铁矿矿物浓度与强磁性矿物浓度的关系,提出这些赤铁矿应该主要来自于沙漠源区而非在沉降区生成;发现了对温度和降水变化有不同敏感度的两个磁学指标,对比分析这两个指标记录可以加深对黄土高原地区温度和降水历史的理解。

较系统的对比了6Ma来黄土红粘土磁化率记录与深海氧同位素记录的异同,发现了一系列古气候事件和问题,深化了对海陆古气候耦合机制的理解。发现黄土高原中部黄土红粘土磁化率记录和深海氧同位素记录在除~4.6-~2.7Ma时间段外,都具有很好的对比性,提出海陆气候记录在~4.6-~2.7Ma的缺乏可比性可能是由于巴拿马地峡的关闭和青藏高原隆升引起的;对比研究了黄土红粘土和深海记录里的偏心率信号,较早的利用偏心率信号推断高原隆升对气候的影响;提出了“晚上新世-早更新世10万年周期问题”。

发现多指标物源分析能够最大限度的真实的重建物源历史,恢复了安第斯山北部的隆升历史,为理解安第斯山脉隆升与新生代气候变化的关系提供了重要年代限制。利用5种物源指示指标对北安第斯山前陆盆地开展了系统的物源分析,发现综合运用多指标物源分析才能最大限度的真实的重建物源历史;推断出安第斯山北部的隆升年代跟中部一样是在古近纪而非以前认为的新近纪,基于这个新认识论述了安第斯山隆起对古近纪气候变化的影响。

v研究方向

古地磁和环境磁学;古海洋和古气候;物源分析

v在研项目

2013/01-2017/12:国家“973”项目课题,2013CB956400、中国西部西风区新生代剥蚀风化记录与古气候变化,在研、参与。

2012/01-2014/12:甘肃省科技厅项目,2011GS04221、利用新奇的二元同位素重建晚中新世以来黄土高原古温度历史,在研、主持。

2012/01-2015/12:自然科学基金面上项目,41172329、柴达木盆地记录的晚中新世气候转型期( 105.5 Ma)轨道尺度气候变化及驱动机制研究,在研、主持。

2012/01-2014/12:教育部博士点基金,20110211110012、柴达木盆地晚中新世河湖相沉积物记录的气候旋回及驱动机制研究,在研、主持。

2011/01-2015/08:国家“973”项目课题,2011CB403301、黄河上游沙漠宽谷段风沙水沙过程与调控机理,50万元,在研、参与。

v发表论文

1.         J. Nie, M. Jackson, J. King, and X. Fang, Characterizing the superparamagnetic grain distribution of Chinese red-clay sequences by thermal fluctuation tomography. Global and Planetary Change, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gloplacha.2013.04.012, 2013.

2.         J. Nie, W. Peng, K. Pfaff, A. Möller, E. Garzanti, S. Andò, , T. Stevens, A. Bird, H. Chang, Y. Song, S. Liu, and S. Ji, Controlling factors on heavy mineral assemblages in Chinese loess and Red Clay. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 381-382, 110-118, 2013.

3.         J. Nie, Y., Song , J. W. King, R. Zhang, and  X. Fang, Six million years of magnetic grain-size records reveal that temperature and precipitation were decoupled on the Chinese Loess Plateau during ~4.5-2.6 Ma. Quaternary Research, 79, 465-470, 2013.

4.         J. Saylor, J. Knowles, B. Horton, J. Nie, and A. Mora, Mixing of source populations recorded in detrital zircon U-Pb age spectra of modern river sands, Journal of Geology, 121, 17-33, 2013.

5.         G. Li, J. Nie, S. Clemens, W. Liu, J. Sun, R. Zech, and Y. Huang, The importance of solar insolation on the temperature variations for the past 110 kyr on the Chinese Loess Plateau. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 317-318, 128-133, 2012.

6.         J. Nie, B. Horton, J. Saylor, A. Mora, M. Mange, C. Garzione, and A. Basu, Integrated provenance analysis of a retroarc fold-thrust belt: U-Pb geochronology, heavy minerals, and Nd isotopes of the Magdalena Valley basin, northern Andes, Colombia. Earth Science Reviews, 110, 111-126, 2012.

7.         J. Nie, Coupled 100-kyr cycles between 3 and 1 Ma in terrestrial and marine paleoclimatic records. doi:10.1029/2011GC003772, in press, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 12, Q10Z32, 10 PP., doi:10.1029/2011GC003772, 2011

8.         Y. Wang, J. Nie, T. Zhang, G. Sun, X. Yang, Y. Liu, and X. Liu. Cenozoic tectonic evolution in the western Qaidam Basin inferred from subsurface data. Geo. J. , 14, 335-344, 2011

9.         J. Zan, X. Fang, J. Nie, S. Yang, C. Song, and S. Dai. Magnetic properties of surface soils across the southern Tarim Basin. Chinese Science Bulletin, 56, 290-296, 2010

10.     J. Zan, X. Fang, S. Yang, J. Nie, and X. Li. A rock magnetic study of loess from the West Kunlun Mountains. Journal of Geophysical Research, 115, B10101, doi:10.1029/2009JB007184, 2010

11.     Y. Bai, X. Fang, J. Nie, Q. Meng, and Y. Chi. Methoxy n-fatty acids in surface solis from the Gongga and Kunlun Mountain regions: Ecological implications. Chinese Science Bulletin, 55, doi: 10.1007/s11434-010-3228-y, 2010

12.     Y. Song, Z. Shi, X. Fang, J. Nie, N. Ishikawa, X. Qiang, and X. Wang, Magnetic properties of loess in the Ili basin, Central Asia, and their correlation with those of loess from the Chinese Loess Plateau. Science in China (series D), 40, 61-72, 2010.

13.     B. Horton, M. Parra, J. Saylor, J. Nie, A. Mora, V. Torres., D. Stockli, and M. Strecker, Resolving Andean uplift of the Eastern Cordillera in Colombia using detrital zircon U-Pb age signatures. GSA Today, 20, 4-9, 2010.

14.     B. Horton, J. Saylor, J. Nie, A. Mora, M. Parra, A. Reyes, and D. Stockli, Linking sedimentation in the northern Andes to basement configuration, Mesozoic extension, and Cenozoic shortening: Evidence from detrital zircon U-Pb ages in the Eastern Cordillera of Colombia. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 122, 1423-1442, 2010.

15.     J. Nie, B. Horton, A. Mora, J. Saylor, T. Housh, J. Rubiano, and J. Naranjo, Tracking exhumation of Andean ranges bounding the Middle Magdalena Valley basin, Colombia. Geology, 38, 451-454, 2010.

16.     J. Nie, Y. Song, J. King, X. Fang, and C. Heil, HIRM variations in the Chinese red-clay sequence: insights into pedogenesis in the dust source area. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 38, 96-104, 2010.

17.     J. Saylor, A. Mora, B. Horton, and J. Nie, Controls on the Isotopic Composition of Surface Water and Precipitation in the Northern Andes, Colombian Eastern Cordillera. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 73, 6999-7018, 2009.

18.     J. Nie, Y. Song, J. King, and R. Egli, Consistent grain size distribution of pedogenic maghemite of surface soils and Miocene loessic soils on the Chinese Loess Plateau. Journal of Quaternary Science, 25, 261-266, ISSN 0267-8179, 2010.

19.     Y. Bai, X. Fang, J. Nie, Y. Wang, and F. Wu, A preliminary reconstruction of the paleoecological and paleoclimatic history of the Chinese Loess Plateau from the application of biomarkers. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 271, 161-169, doi: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2008.10.006, 2009

20.     J. Nie, J. King, and X. Fang, The correlation between magnetic susceptibility record of the Chinese aeolian sequences and benthic oxygen isotope record. Geochemistry, Geophysics, and Geosystems, 9, Q12026, doi:10.1029/2008GC002243, 2008

21.     J. Nie, J. King, and X. Fang, The late Pliocene-early Pleostocene100 ka problem. Geophysical Research Letters, 35, L21606, doi:10.1029/2008GL035265, 2008

22.     J. Nie, J. King, Z. Liu, S. Clemens, W. Prell, and X. Fang, Surface-water freshening: A cause for the onset of North Pacific stratification from 2.75 Ma onward? Global and Planetary Change, 64, 49-52, 2008

23.     J. Nie, J. King, M. Jackson, X., Fang, and Y., Song, AC magnetic susceptibility studies of the red-clay sediments on the Chinese Loess Plateau during the time interval 4.8-4.1 Ma and their paleoclimatic and paleoceanographic implications. Journal of Geophysics Research, 113, B10106, doi:10.1029/2008JB005654, 2008

24.     J. Nie, J. King, and X. Fang, Tibetan uplift intensified the 400 k.y. signal in paleoclimate records at 4 Ma. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 120, 1338-1344, DOI: 10.1130/B26349.1, 2008

25.     J. Nie, J. King, and X. Fang, Link between benthic oxygen isotopes and magnetic susceptibility in the red-clay sequence on the Chinese Loess Plateau. Geophysical Research Letters, 35, L03703, doi:10.1029/2007GL032817, 2008

26.     J. Nie, J. King, and X. Fang, Enhancement mechanisms of magnetic susceptibility in the Chinese red-clay sequence. Geophysical Research Letters, 34, L19705, doi:10.1029/2007GL031430, 2007.

27.     X. Fang, M. Yan, R. Van der Voo, D. Rea, C. Song, J. Parés, J. Gao, J. Nie and S. Dai, Late Cenozoic deformation and uplift of the NE Tibetan Plateau: evidence from high-resolution magnetostratigraphy of the Guide Basin, Qinghai Province, China. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 117, 1208-1225, 2005.

28.     J. Nie, C. Song, X. Fang, X. Xu, and D. Sun, Paleomagnetic constraint on the Pleistocene appearance of the Yellow River in the Guide Basin of the NE Tibetan Plateau and its geomorphologic implications. Marine Geology and Quaternary Geology, 23, 59-64, 2003. (In Chinese with English abstract)

29.     C. Song, X. Fang, J. Gao, J. Nie, M. Yan, X. Xu, and D. Sun, Magnetostratigraphy of Late Cenozoic fossil mammals in the northeastern margin of the Tibetan Plateau. Chinese Science Bulletin, 48, 188-193, 2003.

30.     C. Song, X. Fang, J. Li, J. Gao, D. Sun, J. Nie, and M. Yan, Late Cenozoic sedimentological evolution of the Guide Basin, Qinghai, and uplift of the NE Tibetan Plateau. Review of Geology, 40, 337-346, 2003. (In Chinese with English abstract)

 

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